Various Issues Related To Wto Agreements

The Uruguay round (1986-1994) may have led to a shift in North-South policy into the GATT WTO system. In the past, developed and developing countries tended to be divided into opposing groups, although there were exceptions at the time. As the Uruguay Round approached, the line between the two became less rigid and, over the course of the cycle, different alliances developed according to the themes discussed. Since then, the trend has continued. The WTO agreements, which were the result of the 1986-1994 Uruguay Round trade negotiations, offer developing countries many opportunities to make a profit. Continued liberalisation through the Doha Agenda negotiations aims to improve the chances. In some respects, the gap between textiles and clothing still seems to be evident, and some of the most recent issues discussed in the WTO, for example, and developing countries have formed alliances such as the African Group and the Least Developed Countries group. A second function of the GATT and now the WTO has been a committee process that should enable members to monitor the activities of other members through various notification requirements and the ability to identify current concerns and potentially find acceptable solutions for broader membership. Although the committee structure is in place, the reports are, at best, unclear and the committee process has gained importance during most of the first 25 years of the WTO, due to a lack of concentration on the part of the participating members and for other reasons. There are commissions that have worked quite well over a period of time, but this critical aspect of the WTO does not make the contributions it could and should make. Historically, the most important function of the WTO`s predecessor, the GATT, was to negotiate the removal of tariffs and other trade barriers.

With much broader WTO membership and different economies for some important players in the historical market model, the negotiating function has been seriously hampered and the rules-based system is not up to the differences between economies. Although there have been some successes in extending liberalisation (for example. B the information technology agreements, trade facilitation, export subsidy commitments for agriculture, the consensus approach and the divergent interests of various important players have largely prevented the WTO from maintaining a system that reflects current global problems and technologies and differences in economies, with members relying on other means to address pressing issues. Over the past year, the United States has made extraordinary efforts to recognize its concerns and document the history of the evolution of the problems. Some members submitted proposals to address one or more U.S. concerns through amendments to the DSU or in some other way. But the proposals made so far have not answered the question raised by the United States as to why the appeals body was prepared to depart from the requirements of the DSU. Why would the changes in the DSU, without understanding this issue, lead in the future to a correction of the action of the appellate body? The gradual adoption of bilateral agreements limiting the quantities attached to certain goods, these grey area measures (voluntary export restrictions) are not really recognized under the GATT-WTO.