The MoU is usually an informal precursor to the MOA, just as an MOA is a formal precursor to a treaty. Since it is so informal, it is always better to continue formalizing agreements in order to protect all parties involved. Most URS should contain language indicating that they do not provide for financial restrictions or funding considerations. While the MOA is a formal, legally binding document, more formal than oral, it is not as formal as a treaty. Indeed, a MOA is often an agreement before the elaboration of a formal contract. The Parties acknowledge and agree that this MOA does not create a financial or financial commitment for either Party and that such commitments are due only to the joint execution of a subsequent agreement or work plan (which shall include a budget) that specifically defines the conditions and nature of such commitments and refers to such MOA. While a MOA is great for defining a relationship, a contract should be used when money comes into play or there is a defined exchange of goods and services….